Xeriscaping refers to the conservation of water through creative landscaping.
Evaluate your property and design a plan incorporating your particular characteristics. Think long term (2 - 3 years) in planning. Answer these questions:
Examine your soil type for proper water holding capacity and drainage. Try adding organic matter, such as compost or mulch to help retain moisture in the soil and decrease soil compaction. Mulch is used on top of planting beds while compost is usually dug into the soil.
Mulches can be Organic:
Mulches can be Inorganic:
One option is to reduce the amount of lawn you have by selecting other types of groundcovers.
Groundcovers can be Organic:
Groundcovers can be Inorganic:
Plants and trees love rainwater, so why not give them all you can?
Try some of these techniques:
Use gutters and downspouts, you can catch rainwater and channel it to your landscape or catch it in rain barrel and use it during dry periods
Water your Xeriscape garden early in the morning to avoid excessive evaporation and burning of plants. Make sure you only water the lawn and planted areas and not the pavement. Water heavily (one inch) once a week.
If you've used fertilizer on any of your plantings, they will need a lot of water to grow (a slow release fertilizer and compost is best). Pruning and thinning out of trees and shrubs not only shows them off more, it also saves water. Make sure you don't overdo it or tree bark will get sunburned and soil will dry out.
|Plant Type||Botanical Name||Common Name|
|Annuals||Artemisia stellariana||Dusty miller|
|Ground Covers||Arctostaphylos uva-ursi||Bearberry|
|Ground Covers||Coronilla varia||Crown vetch|
|Ground Covers||Potentilla 'Yellow Gem'||Yellow gem cinquefoil|
|Perennials||Asclepias tuberosa||Butterfly milkweed|
|Perennials||Stachys lanata||Lambs ears|
|Perennials||Sempervivum||Hens & chicks|
|Perennials||Coronilla varia||Crown vetch|
|Shrubs||Cotinus coggygtia||Smoke bush|
|Shrubs||Aronia arbutifolia||Wild cherry|
|Trees||Celtis occidentalis||Iron wood|
|Trees||Elaeagnus angustifolia||Russian olive|
|Trees||Juniperus virginiana||Upright juniper|
|Vines||Lonicera japonica||Climbing honeysuckle|